Kenya Forest Carbon Partnership Facility REDD+ Readiness Project
REDD+ is a global policy initiative to address climate change threats by reducing emissions from deforestations and forest degradation in developing countries. Its main goal is to prevent forest degradation and deforestation, and promote forest conservation through offering results-based payments as financial incentives.
The World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) was established in 2008 to support developing countries to be ready for REDD+ implementation. FCPF is a global partnership of governments, businesses, civil society, and Indigenous Peoples with 47 participant countries including Cambodia. UNDP has been selected as the delivery partner for the implementation of the FCPF project in Kenya.
The FCPF project document was signed by the UNDP and National Treasury in May and July 2018 respectively.
This project aims to put in place mechanisms to enable Kenya to reach its overall REDD+ goal to improve livelihoods and wellbeing, conserve biodiversity, contribute to the national aspiration of attaining a minimum 10% forest cover and mitigate climate change for sustainable development.
To achieve this objective the following outputs are envisaged:
- An operational national REDD+ strategy and investment plan;
- An operational safeguards information system for REDD+;
- Functional multi-stakeholder engagement and capacity building for REDD+; and
- Technical support provided for improvement to the National Forest Monitoring System and Forest Reference Level.
The project shall be implemented by UNDP through the National Implementation Modality (NIM) with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, in its official role as the coordinator of all climate change activities in Kenya. The Ministry and UNDP will work with collaborating partners drawn from other national and county-level institutions and agencies, independent commissions, the private sector, civil society organizations (CSOs), research/academic institutions and forest dependent communities.
Kenya’s forest resources are of immense importance for their contribution to economic development, rural livelihoods, and for the environmental and ecosystem services they provide. Forests help support the operations of most key economic sectors, including agriculture, horticulture, tourism, wildlife, and energy. Kenya loses about 12,000 hectares of forest each year through deforestation. About 12% of the land area which was originally covered by closed canopy forests has been reduced to about 1.7% of its original size, due to demand for fuelwood and charcoal, population pressure for settlements, infrastructure, demand for wood products and conversion to agriculture.
A coordinated approach, coupled with incentives for forest conservation and management, is needed to manage and conserve forests sustainably and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to meet national targets - to increase forest cover to 10% of the land area - as set out in the Vision 2030, the National Climate Change Response Strategy and the Nationally Determined Contribution. To help realize these goals, Kenya has applied for funds from the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility for REDD+ readiness to operationalize its REDD+ architecture, as per the requirements described in the REDD+ rule book prescribed by the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in various decisions (Decision 2/CP.13, the Warsaw Framework, Decision 1/CP.16 and most recently Article 5 of the Paris Agreement). An Assessment Report provides details with respect to the context and trajectory of REDD+ work in Kenya over the past five years.
Kenya intends to formulate a National REDD+ Strategy and accompanying instruments including a Forest Reference Level (FRL), a Safeguards Information System (SIS) and a National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS). A REDD+ Investment Plan to actualize implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy will also be developed.
The following are the expected outputs that will be carried out in an interrelated and connected manner towards the overall objective:
Output 1: An operational National REDD+ Strategy and Investment plan
- Output 1.1 Analytical work for REDD+ Strategy options conducted
- Output 1.2 Private sector engagement strategy for REDD+
- Output 1.3 Institutional and policy framework for REDD+ implementation
- Output 1.4: National REDD+ Investment Plan
- Output 1.5: Resource mobilization and financing mechanisms for REDD+ implementation developed
Output 2: Functional multi-stakeholder engagement and capacity building on REDD+
- Output 2.1 Multi-stakeholder engagement and capacity building on REDD+ processes enhanced
- Output 2.2 National REDD+ readiness governance system established and strengthened
- Output 2.3 Knowledge management (KM) and communication strategy
Output 3: An operational Safeguards Information System for REDD+
Output 4: Technical support provided for improvement of National Forest Monitoring System and Forest Reference Level
- Output 4.1 Technical advisory support to consolidate and refine the National Forest Monitoring System
- Output 4.2 Reference level developed and REDD+ reporting requirements met