Small Arms and Light Weapons
What the project is about
Building on the work already done, the Programme supported the Kenya National Focal Point on Small Arms and Light Weapons (KNFP) in stepping up efforts aimed at reducing the proliferation of SALW. The website for the KNFP was developed and operationalized to enable the public access information related to arms control and management. Capacity building for structures charged with arms control and management was also undertaken including the establishment and training of over 119 District Task Forces (DTFs) on small arms and light weapons in Nairobi, Bungoma, Vihiga, Busia and Kakamega Counties, among others. The work of the task forces includes raising awareness within the communities on the dangers and destructiveness of gun use and violence, to initiate debates and discussions at the community level on the causes and effects of armed violence, including its impact on women and men, and of ways to reduce and prevent armed violence, including monitoring the use of arms by community members. Over 500 members of the DTFS were trained on perils of SALW, policy and legislative frameworks governing use and management of SALW, aspects of Practical Disarmament as opposed to traditional disarmament that emphasized on physical removal of the guns without addressing the social, economic, cultural and political factors that give rise to gun culture and trans-boundary issues.
KNFP has developed a draft National Policy.The final policy document has been presented to the Minister for onward transmission for Cabinet approval.The policy has been used to inform the review of legislation. It is key to the implementation of the UNPoA, the Nairobi Protocol and the National Action Plan (now the Strategic Plan).
This is meant to provide for: -
i. Strict access to and restriction on possession of small arms by civilians
ii. Renewal of a license to possess a small arm
iii. Control relating to the marking, quantity and classification of ammunition in the possession of a license holder
iv. Appropriate marking to necessitate tracing and monitoring
v. The total prohibition of the civilian possession and use of all weapons and automatic and semi-automatic rifles and machine guns vi. Reporting of loss and/or theft of small arms
vii. Regulations and procedures for applications, centralized database
Enhancing Human Security in the Great Lakes Region and Horn of Africa by Preventing Proliferation of Illicit Small Arms through Practical Disarmament
Information management is critical to the effective management and control of SALW. In this regard, 105 law enforcement officers in-charge of armouries or camps or stations were trained on stockpile management, safe custody of arms and record keeping. In collaboration with the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), UNDP and the Government of Japan, KNFP conducted awareness raising forums in various parts of the Country targeting Counties in Coast, Upper Eastern and North Rift regions. The main objective of the public awareness campaign was to sensitize and create awareness amongst the major stakeholders and communities on the dangers of proliferation of illicit SALW. Over 2,500 people were reached out to in Turkana West, Dadaab and Fafi districts for awareness raising on the dangers of SALW in society. As a results; there is a change of communal attitude on gun ownership and this has led to increased willingness to surrender illicit SALW; more and more security personnel are becoming keen on SALW issues and are increasingly acknowledging the role of the communities in the fight against crime; with remarkable improvement of relationships between the Police and the public. The programme also supported voluntary surrender of illicit SALW and their disposal. It also facilitated the participation of the Kenyan delegation at the proceedings that led to the formulation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).
Donors- UNDP BCPR
The genesis for the development of this leadership programme came as a result of the 2007 post-election crisis. As the country began to emerge from the crisis and implement the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation Agreements, concern prevailed on the fragility of the country. It became evident that collaborative leadership to address underlying structural drivers of violence is critical to Kenya’s political stability and economic progress. The project aims at contributing towards building sustainable peace and democracy in the country through enhancement of leadership skills among key leaders in Kenya at national and county levels under the devolved governance system. Without an intervention that rebuilds trust and cohesion among key leaders, there is a limited likelihood that the reform agenda and national reconciliation can be accomplished sustainably.
The Collaborative Leadership component of this programme entailed training for identified leaders at national and county levels; holding public fora and meetings on challenges facing the country and ways to effectively address them; providing comparative experience-sharing; deeper understanding and support for devolution, peace building, national reconciliation; documentation and dissemination of best practices; and developing a nucleus of a national cadre of mediators. Among the Parliamentary Groups that were engaged during this collaborative forum initiatives include the Committee on Administration and National Security; the Constitution Implementation Oversight Committee (CIOC); Parliamentary Liaison Committee; Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) Committee; the Pastoralist Group and the Parliamentary Reform Caucus; the Parliamentary Service Commission and the House Business Committee. Over 200 representatives of political parties were trained, one third of whom are women. Simulations and interactive exercises during the trainings aimed at building a climate of trust, establishing effective communication and enabling national leaders to collaborate effectively across lines of ethnic or political division to prevent violent conflict, to reconstruct their society and to build cohesive, effective state institutions. As a result, the political Parties Collaborative Forum, Inter-Party Peer Review and Monitoring Committee and the Inter-Party Committee on Civic Education were established.