International Peace Training Centre (IPSTC)
What the project is about
The purpose of the project is to sustain all aspects of peace operations training in Africa in general and in particular to address critical training gaps within peace operations of the African Union and United Nations, within the Eastern Africa region, with a priority to South Sudan. The project also aims at contributing to capacitating EASF towards meeting its goal of attaining full operating capability by 2015 in general, and in specific, capacity building of the civilian component.
While remarkable progress have been made to stabilize the Eastern Africa region, as attested by the creation of a new state of South Sudan (SS) as well as the signing of Darfur Peace agreement in Doha in 2011, myriads of challenges still accost the path to peace, stability and development. For instance, whereas the initial North-South Sudan conflict was a matter of sovereignty over the whole territory of Sudan, the on-going tensions between the two states is a matter of national interest. The absence of a commonly - and internationally- agreed border between the Sudan and South Sudan in the "transitional regions" of Blue Nile, South Kordofan and Abyei, gives room to dispute, tensions and violence. The occupation of the Heglig region by the South Sudan Armed Forces (SSAF) in March 2012 tend to indicate that dispute over oil exploitation may rapidly escalate to war, the main threat in the oil producing areas of Jonglei, Blue Nile and Unity State remain tribal rivalries. The Nuer, Murle and the Shilluk tribes of these areas still nourish resentment against the Dinka community who remain the dominant force in SS. Some of internal conflict relate to land, cattle, and pasture.
In addition, sluggishness in establishing and implementing of functioning structures of administration has reduced the ability of Government of SS to install its authority and rule of law over its whole territory. Further, the new nation still suffers a large democratic governance deficit. Although structures such as parliamentary committees, ombudsman and independent police oversight authority are in place, they have skills deficit and lack administrative support and means to enforce the law effectively. This is demonstrated by the 28,000 strong police service which has challenges in maintaining law and order because of poor equipment and lack of proper training.
Key Impacts of the Phase I and II of the project
In early 2012, UNDP and IPSTC conducted an impact monitoring of the output: Improved regional integrated PSO capability of military, police and civilian personnel to address evolving peace and security situations. Analysis of the findings reveals that there was significant impact of the training at individual as well as at the organization and societal levels, through the initiatives, behavior and attitude change of the trainees. The voices of the trainees, facilitators, curriculum designer and indeed supervisor of trainees reveal that the PSO institutional capacity enhancement project as a whole was a worthwhile investment that has yielded favorable returns for the trainees, communities and society in which the Peace missions operate.
Issues to be addressed.
Some challenges of the region include: weak security institutions, militarization of the society, poor governance structures and mediocre institutions, high levels of illiteracy and lack of motivation for the combatant towards disarmament and reintegration; continuous presence of armed groups operating outside state institutions; weak DDR and SSR programmes, gender based violence; lack of popular support of state due to mistrust and legitimacy issues; lack of focus on human security.
The project will specifically address the following gaps at the Eastern Africa region and state levels.
· Need for more up-to-date data to support doctrines and policies development, and responsive training strategy.
· Need for trained personnel in PSO and at state level on conflict prevention and post conflict reconstruction.
· Strengthening capacity of EASF civilian component.
The third phase the project “Peace Support Operation and Institutional Capacity Enhancement at the International Peace Support Training Centre” seeks to continue the consolidation of gains made in institutional and human capacity development in peace support operations in Eastern Africa, with a priority on South Sudan, in order to effectively prevent conflict, respond to and mitigate its effects.
The aim of the project is to support continuing efforts of institutional capacities development to respond to crisis in the Eastern Africa and beyond and thus contribute to stabilization and peace building.
Expected Output(s): 1. Enhanced Institutional capacity for applied research, conflict analysis, training design that address regional PSO needs as well as peace and security policy development in Eastern Africa at the regional and state levels.- This output addresses gaps in knowledge that informs policies, doctrines and training for the EASF, IPSTC as well as the region
2. Improved regional multinational and multidimensional PSO capability of military, police and civilian personnel to address the evolving peace and security situations. - To responds to the needs for the PSOs in the region to build capacity to respond to emerging issues, and to address conflict prevention and post conflict peace building in South Sudan, the focus of the project will be on South Sudan.
3. Enhanced regional capacity of civilian experts for peacekeeping mission and peace building elements of the EASF and African peace and security architecture (APSA). - This output will address the needs for continuous capacity building of EASF but having a bias on the civilian component.
Expected Outcome(s): The project outcome will strengthen institutional and human capacity in Peace Support Operations in order to effectively prevent, respond to and mitigate conflict and maintain peace and security in the region.
The direct beneficiaries of the programme will include approximately 75 military, police and civilian participants of the integrated PSO training and especially from South Sudan. The staff of IPSTC and EASF, and the institutions themselves, will benefit through individual as well as institutional capacity building. Particular attention will be made to ensure gender balance in selecting training course participants and staff that will benefit from the project.
The project will ensure the coordination and collaboration with key partners with IPSTC being the main implementing partner and UNDP managing the funds fully and directly with the project stakeholders. EASF as a regional oversight body for peace and security will work in close coordination with IPSTC, but receiving funding directly from UNDP. UNDP (New York and Nairobi) will continue to provide technical support to IPSTC and EASF through providing subject matter experts in training courses.
The Japan Centre for Conflict Prevention (JCCP) will receive funds directly from UNDP and will be responsible for deploying technical international experts to deliver training, in the following areas:
. Preventive Diplomacy and Early warning
· Human Rights