Water Governance: Human Rights Based Approach, HRBA

What the project is about


Goal: The project aim is to contribute to improved water governance in Kenya through strengthened capacities of the duty-bearers (the formal and informal water service providers and the regulators) and right holders

Outcome:  strengthen capacities of duty-bearers (formal and informal water service providers and regulators) and right-holders (water users) to effectively engage in water sector reforms towards effective water governance.

OutputsCapacity of water actors to understand and participate effectively and meaningfully in the water sector reforms enhanced; water dialogue forum as feedback and complaint redress mechanisms/tool between right-holders and duty bearers established at the local community level; improved information sharing and dissemination to local level actors for effective engagement with sector reform processes


This project is designed to contribute to improved water governance in the Kenya water sector through a human rights based approach to programming. This action builds on the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MWI)’s current sector reform efforts to improve water governance and the keen interest to include human rights perspective in its current review processes as evidenced in the MWI “Water Sector Reform in Kenya and the Human Rights to Water”.

The project will be implemented by the Kenya Water and Health Organization (KWAHO) in collaboration with the Lake Victoria South Water Services Board (LVSWSB), Lake Victoria North Water Services Board (LVNWSB), Rift Valley Water Services Board (RVWSB), Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) and the Kenya Anti Corruption Commission (KACC). The selection of KWAHO is based on the experience of the organization on water governance activities in addition to its expertise in water sector and staffing levels showing multi-sectoral actors, useful in achieving ultimately the objectives of the project and ultimately providing a convergence between soft and hard requirements for improving water access.

The Ministry of Water and Irrigation is the ultimate beneficiary in the activities that would be designed and implemented through this project. As such the role of MWI will be to provide strategic guidance on linkage within the Sector reforms, monitor achievement of milestones and support in mobilizing the water institutions to participate in the roll out and documentation process of the project.

 UNDP and SIWI will provide resources to the project and support monitoring, linkages with the MWI and the Water Sector Donor Group (WSDG) and inject global expertise in the process of design, testing and implementation of tools and methodology. It is noted that the Water Services Regulatory Board in collaboration with the WSP and World Bank Institute (WBI), are working on a similar initiative. Deliberate attempts will be made to harmonize such initiatives and general lessons that can be shared across the two initiatives


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