Sustainable Land Management (SLM) - Agro-Pastoral Kenya

What is the project about


Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management (SLM) in Agro-Pastoral Production Systems of Kenya is a 5 year (2010-2015) project borne of partnership between the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Kenya through its Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries under the State Department of Livestock Production and United Nations Development Programme. The long term goal of the project is to promote economic development, food security and sustainable land use practices while restoring the ecological integrity of the ASALs. Specifically, the intervention's objective is to provide land users and managers with enabling policy and institutional capacity for effective adoption of sustainable land management

The overall goal of the  “Sustainable Land Management” project is to provide the basis for economic development, food security and sustainable livelihoods while restoring the ecological integrity of the ASALs. The objective of the project will be “To provide land users and managers with the financial incentives, enabling policy, institutional and capacity for effective adoption of SLM in the pilot four districts (Mbeere North, Kyuso, Narok North and Dadaab)

What we have achieved so far


·         46 Farmer/Pastoral Field Schools established/revamped in all pilot districts

·         1739 FFS members trained on various SLM practices (value-additions of honey, quality skinning,  conservation agriculture, drought resistant crops, post-harvest management of crops, pasture establishment, water harvesting and agro-forestry ).

·         130 FFS members trained on gender mainstreaming in project.

·         Over 27 primary and Secondary schools in the pilot districts have been put under the awards scheme. The scheme is aimed at motivating individual farmers and school-going children on implementation of sustainable land management practices.

·         FFS trained on micro-finance .

·         Over 1000 soil samples collected across the pilot districts and analysed in Kenya Agricultural Research Institute laboratories.

·         Held the first ever National Conference on sustainable land management. The conference brought together diverse stakeholders including policy makers, researchers, and civil society organizations who shared knowledge and experience on SLM.

·         Establish SLM platform of 40 CSOs to enable sharing of knowledge and experiences and to provide a check on development matters at the County levels.

·         In collaboration with KEFRI, the project has also undertaken baseline survey of composition, density and diversity of vegetation cover in the pilot districts, mapped degraded and non-degraded areas and developed preliminary guidelines on suitable tree species for rehabilitation of degraded areas.

·         The project in collaboration with UoN, KARI, KEFRI and JKUAT is in the process of publishing an edited book on sustainable land management in the dry lands of Kenya. The book will provide up-to-date information on SLM challenges and technologies in the dry lands of Kenya.

·         Over 309, 490 assorted tree species (fruits and fodder species) have been planted in the pilots

·         Over 1587 Hectares of degraded land re-seeded with over 10,384 kilograms of diverse grass species, 24,400 sisal suckers and terracing in the pilot districts

·         27, 426 kilograms of drought resistance crops distributed to FFS for planting in pilot districts ( i.e. Dolichos, cowpeas, maize DLC, cassava cuttings, sweet potatoes vines, Pearl millet, green grams, gadam sorghum, water melon etc

·         Establishment of 6 tree nurseries  with over 30,000 tree seedlings in the pilot districts and bulking sites in all districts e.g. in Suswa, Narok PTC and Narok Sheep & Goat station

·         Rehabilitation of  Suswa gulley in Narok  and Itivanzou in Kyuso districts in collaboration with Kenya Agricultural Research Institution (KARI), Kenya Forest Research Institute (KEFRI), University of Nairobi (UoN) and Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT)

·         Established two Sand dams for water harvesting in Mbeere North district

·         Rehabilitation of water pan in Suswa (fencing and tap fixed).

·         Protection of Springs on Kiang’ombe Hill-Mbeere North (fencing and tree planting around the water source, pasture re-seeding and establishment of water troughs downhill to deter uphill erosion).

·         Two shallow well established at Ikime and Kavaani in Kyuso

·         One dam with 18,000 cubic meters  capacity constructed in  Itavanzou,  Kyuso district

·         Distributed 253 langstroth and Kenya top bar hives for alternative livelihood in the pilot districts

·         Distributed 703 galla goats, 279 Kenbro and 450 Saso chicken to FFS for local breed improvement in Kyuso District.

·         Distributed 114 German Alpine goats in Dadaab for local breed improvement.

·         Distributed 14 galla breeding goats 38 toggenburg bucks, 24 doper rams and 190 kenbro cockerels and 2 sahiwal bulls and 2 ayrshire dairy bulls were distributed to FFS in Narok for local breed improvement

·         Technical staff provided with skills and other capabilities required for SLM:

·         11 officers trained on Environmental Impact  Assessment at Government School of Kenya.

·         35 officers trained on climate finance and M&E

·         35 officers trained on gender mainstreaming ( Phase I &II)

·         Others sponsorship include (6  officers on Master degrees, 4 diploma and 9 certificates courses, 2 Senior officers on leadership course at KIA and 15 officers attending 2 year In-service course at Bukura college Other short trainings include; 60 officers trained on FFS methodology and Performance reporting).

·         Conduted livestock disease surveillance in all pilot districts

·         Rehabilitated of market structures on going and construction of slaughter slabs in Dadaab and Mbeere-North

·         Peace building barazas held in Dadaab & Kyuso ( to enable access to pasture by pastoral groups)

·         5 Charcoal Associations established in pilot districts.

·         Trained charcoal producers on energy efficient charcoal production and established 5 improved in the pilot districts

·         Promotion of energy efficient technologies i.e. 30 FFS from Narok trained on assembling and use of Top Lid Up-Draft Stoves and also distributed 823 Improved cooking stoves in the pilot districts.

UNDP Around the world