Governance for Disaster Risk Reduction

Despite the exposure to recurrent natural and human-induced hazards in Kenya, the country's disaster management strategy has largely remained reactive. The disaster landscape in Kenya is characterized by various natural hazards, particularly drought and floods. Other common hazards include landslides, epidemics, HIV/AIDS and human conflict. Over time, the frequency and intensity of disasters has increased due to a number of factors including climate change, widespread poverty and rapid population growth especially in the urban centers. The Government is often compelled to re-direct development resources to address emergency response and reconstruction needs at the expense of development programmes. With support from the UN, a national DRR platform was established to support the Government in coordinating disaster issues at the national level.

Status:

Ongoing

Project start date:

February 2014

Estimated end date:

December 2020

Focus area:

  • eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions
  • accelerate structural transformations
  • Project office:

    UNDP in Kenya

    Implementing partner:

    National Drought Mgt Authority

    Funding Support by

    Donor name

  • Government Of Japan
  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Government Of Brunei Darussalam
  • Government Of Sweden
  • Undp Dem Peo Repof Korea:uncdf
  • European Civil Protection & Humanitarian Aid Operations
  • Amount contributed

    $4,472,359

    Delivery in previous fiscal year

    2019 $364,694

    2018 $879,528

    2017 $478,509

    2016 $453,097

    2015 $1,030,117

    2014 $928,962

     

    Key Interventions

    DRR

     

    Support to key government priorities: The constitution integrates key provisions on disaster risk reduction and management including support to counties to coordinate and manage disaster risks. It also provides for contingency funding during emergencies. UNDP will support Government to operationalize some of these provisions that are within the new constitution.

    Capacity building: Capacity building to impart knowledge and skills in the various aspects of DRM will be central during implementation of this programme. All outcomes will include training to build sufficient knowledge, skills and expertise in DRM. UNDP will source technical expertise as needed from within its own ranks, Universities, organizations such as CADRI, participating institutions and from consultants. Emphasis will be placed on ensuring that resident capacity is built and sustained for key government institutions.

    Partnerships- The programme will primarily target DoSP, NDMA, NDOC and Ministry of Planning and Devolution as well as counties. However, its success is dependent upon the active participation of a broad selection of other technical ministries and relevant stakeholders. These include but not limited to the public and private sectors, civil society and grass root organizations. Communities who are direct beneficiaries of DRM activities will actively participate in the design, implementation and monitoring of projects. Public participation in developing policy, guidelines and DRM information will be encouraged through various means.

    Gender Mainstreaming: Disasters affect men and women, boys and girls differently. To address this, deliberate efforts will be put in place to ensure that both women, men, girls and boys participate and benefit equally from disaster risk reduction and recovery efforts. Gender situational analysis or baseline indicators will be conducted where possible before the roll-out of any specific programme or project activities to ensure gender concerns are taken into consideration. To address historical marginalization and the burden of disaster impacts on women, some stand- alone disaster risk reduction and recovery projects for women might be considered and research on the effect of women in disaster will be supported.

    Knowledge Management: The experiences that would be gained through the implementation of this programme would be of immense value to governments, UN and other international organizations. In this regard, UNDP will endeavor to produce knowledge products that include videos and publications indicating some of the best practice and lessons learnt for dissemination to other stakeholders. Regular reports and bulletins will also be produced for information sharing.

    Monitoring and Evaluation: The programme will develop an elaborate integrated monitoring and evaluation mechanism. The monitoring systems will include annual review meetings, midterm and final evaluation documenting key achievements and lessons learned. Regular reports will be submitted to the donors based on the cost sharing agreements.

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