6 Achieve universal primary education
Where we are?
Achieve Universal Primary Education
Enrolment in both public and private schools increased by 2.3% from 8.6 million in 2008 to 8.8 million in 2009. The gross enrolment rate (GER) rose from 109.8% in 2008 to 110% in the year 2009. The net enrolment rate (NER) rose slightly from 92.5% in 2008 to 92.9% in 2009. There has been a consistent improvement of NER from 2005 to 2009. This is attributed to the introduction of the Free Primary Education which enabled children to begin schooling at the right school going age.
The gross enrolment ratio for boys is still higher than that of girls, standing at 112.8% while for girls was 112.2% in 2009. Though there has been a marked general growth in enrolment rates and close gender parity especially with the introduction of FPE, the regional and gender disparities are evident especially in the ASAL districts, pockets of poverty and the urban slums.
Enrolment, retention, completion and progression rates are a major challenge and a concern of the millennium goal on education. At the national level, the achievements are almost equal for both boys and girls as shown in the table below. The Primary Completion Rate (PCR) improved from 83.2% in 2008 to 97.8% in 2009, indicating reduction of wastage in the education system. The number of KCPE candidates rose from 701,000 in 2008 to 727,045 in 2009. The value for money audit revealed that majority of schools had attained an average text book pupil ratio of 1:2 in 2009 compared to 1:3 in 2008. Extracted from the Government of Kenya Economic Survey, 2010
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG2
- Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
- Net enrolment ratio in primary education
- Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
- Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men